How to install Solar Power Plant -2023

Installing a solar power plant requires careful planning, design and implementation to ensure optimum performance and efficiency. While the installation process can vary depending on factors such as system size and local regulations, here is a general overview of the steps involved in installing a solar power plant:

Factors must be taken into consideration for Solar Power Plant (Solar Panels) Installation:

Assess feasibility and conduct site analysis:

Evaluate the solar resource potential of a site by analyzing factors such as solar radiation, shading and available space. Assess the site’s electrical infrastructure to determine its ability to accommodate a solar power plant.

Determine the size and design of the system:

Determine the energy requirements of the site to determine the size of the solar power plant. Select the appropriate solar technology, such as photovoltaics (PV) or concentrated solar power (CSP), based on the specific needs and conditions of the site. Design the layout of solar panels or mirrors, considering factors such as orientation, tilt and distance, to maximize sunlight.

Get permits and approvals:

Research and comply with local regulations and obtain the necessary permits and approvals for setting up a solar power plant. This may include building permits, electrical permits and grid interconnection agreements.

Buy equipment and materials:

Get high quality solar panels, inverters, mounting structures and other required components from reputed manufacturers or suppliers. Ensure that the equipment selected meets industry standards and is compatible with the system design.

Installation of solar panels or mirrors:

Install mounting structures for solar panels or mirrors securely and in accordance with design specifications. Carefully install and wire the solar panels or mirrors, ensuring proper alignment and electrical connectivity. Follow safety protocols during installation, such as proper grounding and precautions when working at height.

Electrical wiring and connections:

Install electrical components, including inverters, charge controllers, and wiring, to convert the direct current (DC) produced by the solar panels into usable alternating current (AC) electricity. Connect the solar power plant to the site’s existing electrical system through grid interconnection or standalone/off-grid setup.

Testing and Commissioning:

Thoroughly test the solar power plant to ensure proper functionality and performance. Verify electrical output, monitor system efficiency, and resolve any potential problems or anomalies

Ongoing maintenance and monitoring of Solar Panel:

Develop a maintenance plan to ensure the long-term performance and reliability of the solar power plant. Regularly clean solar panels, inspect electrical components, and monitor system performance to identify and address any maintenance or repair needs. Implement a monitoring system to monitor energy production, system health, and potential faults.

How to proceed with Solar Power Plant repair and maintenance

It’s important to note that installing a solar power plant can be complicated, and it’s worth consulting experienced solar professionals or contractors who can guide you through the process and ensure compliance with local regulations and best practices.

What is simplified procedure for installation of rooftop solar PV system?

A. In addition to the existing procedure of tendering/empanelment by the state electricity distribution companies (DISCOMs), MNRE has introduced a simplified procedure through which the beneficiaries can install the rooftop solar project through any vendor registered with the concerned DISCOM at mutually decided project cost. The beneficiary will have to first register on National Portal and then
submit online application to the concerned DISCOM for issuance of technical feasibility. After receiving online technical feasibility approval, the beneficiary has to sign agreement with any of the vendors registered with the concerned DISCOM and get the system installed. The list of vendors registered with the concerned DISCOM is available under the ‘Vendors in my area’ tab of the beneficiary interface at National Portal after login. After installation of the system by the registered
vendor, the beneficiary will have to submit online project completion report and submit it to the concerned DISCOM for inspection and installation of net-meter. After successful inspection and installation of net-meter, the DISCOM will approve the project completion report on the portal and an online commissioning certificate would be generated. The beneficiary can now submit CFA claim request to the Ministry by filling the required bank details and uploading a copy of the cancelled cheque pertaining to the bank account. The CFA/subsidy will be credited to the bank account of the beneficiary within 30 working days of claim submission, provided all the details mentioned in the claim and application are found correct.

What is the National Portal (NP)?

A. MNRE has developed a ‘National Portal (NP)’ for the registration of applications under the simplified procedure. The whole process from submission of application to the release of subsidy/CFA would be implemented in online mode through this portal. The portal can be accessed through the link

How can I register on National Portal (NP)?

A. For registration at NP, the applicant will need electricity bill, an active 10-digit Mobile number and an active E-mail ID. The consumer will also be required to download SANDES app on his mobile. First, the applicant has to visit the registration page of national portal and select the state and the concerned DISCOM. Then the applicant has to enter consumer account no. mentioned in the electricity bill, mobile number and mail id. After entering these details, an OTP will be sent through SANDES app for mobile number verification. On successful verification of the mobile number, an account activation link will be received on the mail-id provided. The activation link will also include the details of the simplified procedure. After clicking on the activation link received in the email, the account would be activated and the beneficiary will be redirected to NP for submission of application. The activation link is valid for 24 hours only. In case, the activation link is not clicked by the applicant within 24 hours of receipt, the registration will be automatically deleted and the applicant will have to register again

Is there any application fee for submission for application on national portal?

A. No, there is no application fee for submission for application on national portal. However, there
may be fees for net-metering which may be charged by the respective DISCOMs.

Is there any difference in subsidy/CFA in both modes i.e., National Portal or DISCOM
empanelled Vendors?

A. Yes there can be difference in subsidy/CFA. The subsidy/CFA available for the applicant through National Portal is displayed to the applicant during the application stage.

Can I apply for net-metering through NP?

A. Yes. An applicant can apply for net-metring and inspection through the national portal. The application process of NP has been uploaded on the portal.

What bank details are required for the release of subsidy through NP?

A. After receipt of the online commissioning/completion report from DISCOM, the applicant will have to enter following details for claiming subsidy/CFA:
1. Name of the beneficiary
2. Account number
3. Bank Name
4. IFS Code
5. Copy of cancelled cheque to be uploaded on the portal.
6. The consumer shall make sure that the account details are clearly visible in the copy of cancelled cheque uploaded on the National portal.
7. Claims having distorted/illegible/mutilated copy of cheques will be outrightly rejected.

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